By Darnell F. Hawkins
Analysts have lengthy famous that a few societies have a lot larger charges of legal violence than others. the chance of being a sufferer or a wrongdoer of violent crime varies significantly from one person to a different. a few ethnic and racial teams were pronounced to have larger premiums of violent offending and victimization than different teams in societies with ethnically and racially assorted populations. This sequence of essays explores the level and factors of racial and ethnic adjustments in violent crime within the U.S. and a number of other modern societies.
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Analysts have lengthy famous that a few societies have a lot larger charges of felony violence than others. the danger of being a sufferer or a offender of violent crime varies significantly from one person to a different. a few ethnic and racial teams were said to have better premiums of violent offending and victimization than different teams in societies with ethnically and racially different populations.
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Extra info for Violent Crime: Assessing Race and Ethnic Differences
The extremely low rate of Hispanic female victimization may be suggestive of unique features of Hispanic culture that mitigate against female homicide victimization. As is true nationally, homicide levels, especially urban homicide levels, are driven by conduct engaged in by black males. 1 were derived based on the mean number of homicides occurring over a three-year period involving victims from each of the identiﬁed groups divided by the size of its population at the time of the 1990 census multiplied by 100,000, that is, HR = V/P × 100,000.
Finally, Martinez and Lee (1998) found that while African Americans were overrepresented in homicide incidents relative to group size, Miami’s Haitians and Latinos were underrepresented, and in some cases the rate of homicide among the two immigrant groups was lower than that of non-Latino whites (Anglos). In line with prior investigations, the criminal participation of immigrant groups varies considerably in different cities. A good illustration of this feature is provided in a study of Latino homicide among El Paso’s Mexicans and Miami’s Cubans (Lee, Martinez, and Rodriguez, 2000).
Presently, a number of large urban centers have substantial black and Hispanic populations that could be used for comparative studies. In this way homicide researchers would be in a stronger position to account for differences in level and pattern of victimization based on residence in high poverty neighborhoods and/or on the differential openness of local economies to black and Hispanic youth. One additional factor that requires attention in future research is differences in risk and frequency of victimization among subgroups within the black and Hispanic populations (see Hawkins, 1999).
Violent Crime: Assessing Race and Ethnic Differences by Darnell F. Hawkins