By Julie Harrower
Psychology in perform is the definitive six-part sequence at the useful purposes of psychology to parts of way of life, protecting crime, schooling, health and wellbeing, recreation, corporations and the surroundings. each one e-book within the sequence examines one unit of the functions of Psychology element of the OCR syllabus.
Psychology in perform: Crime covers the appliance of psychology to our knowing of felony behaviour. Forensic psychology has considerably accelerated over fresh years and now makes a precious contribution to the research of crime, the improvement of remedy programmes for offenders, crime prevention, and learn which may give you the foundation of specialist testimony within the court.
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FEAR OF CRIME Although it is difficult to accurately estimate the extent of crime, it is undoubtedly clear that people today are much more frightened of the possibility of becoming victims of crime than ever before. Interestingly, although violent crime only accounts for a small percentage of all offences, it is the fear of becoming a victim of violence which seems to determine most people’s attitudes to crime, their behaviour, and their view of society. The 2000 British Crime Survey revealed that women were more worried than men about violent crime, with 25% of female respondents saying they were ‘very worried’ about being mugged or physically attacked by a stranger, and almost 3 in 10 of them ‘very worried’ about being raped.
See Vrij and Parker (1997) who found that exposure to tabloid coverage of crime increased fear of crime. EXERCISE 2 Answer these questions in small groups but don’t look at the answers until you have attempted all of the questions. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Have crime rates risen or fallen in the last ten years? What proportion of crimes involve violence? Is the UK murder rate rising or falling? Are more or less offenders imprisoned compared to five years ago? Is the rate of child abduction and murder going up?
They identify 40 ‘thinking errors’ made by criminals, the errors falling into three categories: • • • Criminal thinking patterns which are characterised simultaneously by fear and a need for power and control. Other features include a search for perfection, lying, and inconsistencies or fragmentation of thinking. Automatic thinking errors which include a lack of empathy and trust, a failure to accept obligations, and a secretive communication style. Crime-related thinking errors which include optimistic fantasising about specific criminal acts with no regard for deterrent factors.
Psychology in Practice: Crime by Julie Harrower