By Albrecht Classen
The heritage of the us has been deeply made up our minds by means of Germans all through time, yet not often someone has spotted that this used to be the case within the Southwest in addition, referred to as Arizona/Sonora at the present time, within the eighteenth century as Pimería Alta. This used to be the realm the place the Jesuits operated all through themselves, and plenty of of them, a minimum of because the 1730s, originated from the Holy Roman Empire, accordingly have been pointed out as Germans (including Swiss, Austrians, Bohemians, Croats, Alsatians, and Poles). such a lot of them have been hugely religious and committed, not easy operating and intensely clever humans, reaching wonders when it comes to settling the local inhabitants, instructing and changing them to Christianity. although, as a result of complicated political tactics and the results of the ‘black legend’ all Jesuit missionaries have been expelled from the Americas in 1767, and the order used to be banned globally in 1773. As this ebook illustrates, a shockingly huge variety of those German Jesuits composed wide studies or even encyclopedias, to not fail to remember letters, concerning the Sonoran barren region and its humans. a lot of what we all know approximately that global derives from their writing, which proves to be interesting, energetic, and hugely informative studying material.
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Additional info for Early history of the Southwest through the eyes of German-speaking Jesuit missionaries : a transcultural experience in the eighteenth century
39 Suffice it to refer to a few essential aspects to flesh out the background quickly. Already in the sixteenth century the Protestant propaganda machinery had operated quite effectively against the Jesuits, identifying them with the devil, as the Stuttgart preacher Lucas Osiander pointed out in one of his treaties published in 1569. Hieronymus Zahorowski published the Monita secreta in 1612, which allegedly were the secret rules of the Jesuit Order, while the official rules only served as an alibi to deceive the public.
27. Christine Vogel, Der Untergang der Gesellschaft Jesu als europäisches Medienereignis, 2006. 28. See, for instance, Jean Lacouture, Jesuits: A Multibibliography, 1995. Lacouture does not seem to be aware of any of the Jesuit missionaries who operated in northern Mexico, ignoring both Eusebio Kino and Ignaz Pfefferkorn, for instance. See also Alain Woodrow, The Jesuits: A Story of Power. The contributors to The Jesuits: Cultures, Sciences, and the Arts 1540–1773, 1999), address many different important aspects, but the specific area of Jesuit missionary activity in Sonora does not find any attention.
He studied philosophy and theology in Molsheim (southwest of Straßburg) and joined the Jesuits in Mainz (Germany) on September 27, 1736. After having taught for a year in Mannheim (south of Frankfurt), he moved back to Molsheim, where he was ordained as priest. Subsequently he taught in Hagenau in Alsace and served as priest in Bokenhaim/Bouquenou, west of Worms. Like so many of the other Jesuits mentioned so far, he dreamed of joining the American mission; he was finally granted his wish by his superiors.
Early history of the Southwest through the eyes of German-speaking Jesuit missionaries : a transcultural experience in the eighteenth century by Albrecht Classen