By Zygmunt Bauman
It truly is normally assumed that how one can aid the bad out in their distress is to permit the wealthy to get richer, that if the wealthy pay much less taxes then all of the remainder of us could be at an advantage, and that during the ultimate research the richness of the few advantages us all. And but those quite often held ideals are flatly contradicted through our day-by-day event, an abundance of study findings and, certainly, common sense. Such strange discrepancy among challenging proof and renowned evaluations makes one pause and ask: why are those reviews so frequent and proof against gathered and fast-growing facts on the contrary?
This brief ebook is through one of many world’s top social thinkers is an try and resolution this query. Bauman lists and scrutinizes the tacit assumptions and unreflected-upon convictions upon which such evaluations are grounded, discovering them one after the other to be fake, deceitful and deceptive. Their endurance can be infrequently sustainable have been it no longer for the function they play in protecting - certainly, selling and reinforcing - the present, exceptional, indefensible and nonetheless accelerating development in social inequality and the swiftly widening hole among the elite of the wealthy and the remainder of society.
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For these reasons, then, we chose not to include a chapter on revolution in the volume. ’s (2001) recent synthetic treatise. Better at this point, we thought, to provide a comprehensive discussion of the array of factors relevant to the operation of social movements that may, in turn, provide a basis for evaluating aspects of current synthetic efforts and perhaps contribute to the development of further synthesis. These omissions notwithstanding, it is our hope that, by providing a compilation of original, state-of-the-art essays on a comprehensive set of movement-related contexts, dimensions, and processes, as well as on a variety of the world’s most significant general social movements, this volume will prove to be a useful companion to those interested in social movements in general and, more particularly, in the array of factors relevant to understanding their emergence, dynamics, and consequences.
Knowledge of other instances of collective action influences anticipation and adaptation by signaling new opportunities and threats and by providing examples of successful and failed strategies. This allows contenders to learn from others’ mistakes instead of making their own, and to adopt successful solutions to collective action problems rather than independently inventing them. However, of all the (attempted) collective action that occurs in a polity, only a relatively small portion reaches the attention of a wider audience and can thereby spur imitation and reaction.
2003 11:44am page 23 protest in time and space 23 lines, network links, and power relations among actors, both elite and extrainstitutional. Usually, this web of relations that makes up a polity is in a state of relative equilibrium. For instance, in relation to nationalist movements, Beissinger (1996: 104) has aptly remarked that in times of ‘‘normalized’’ politics, a given crystallization of state boundaries is backed by the effective authority of the state and is not subject to open challenge from within.
Does the Richness of the Few Benefit Us All? by Zygmunt Bauman