By Michel Foucault
During this very good paintings, the main influential thinker for the reason that Sartre means that such vaunted reforms because the abolition of torture and the emergence of the fashionable detention center have in basic terms shifted the point of interest of punishment from the prisoner's physique to his soul.
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However, the reality is that, more often than not, it is only half-heartedly that men and women accept the truths that hold good within these ontological realms. Indeed, if they do accept one of these postulated contracts, it is usually without the proviso that they must put aside for the duration any belief they might have entered a community presided over by an ultimate authority, which anchors all feeling and thought, commitment and volition. On the contrary, liquid modern community tends to come with hollow seal of holiday promises or is swathed in the light of post-footballmatch-victory positivity, whose ‘predigested forms and programmed effects’, which Hal Foster calls, after Adorno, ‘fictional feelings’ that anybody can experience, but no individual can quite possess (Foster, 2005).
In keeping with the social, cultural, political and economic changes that are consistent with the large-scale socio-historical transformations associated with the emergence of postmodernity, there has been a conspicuous shift in the way in which knowledge claims come to be legitimated. Lyotard’s basic premise is that modern knowledge attempted to establish its monopoly of ‘Truth’ through the use of grand narratives, or big stories (in this instance community), which not only promised justice at the end of inquiry, but were also able to legitimate themselves in such compelling ways that they were hardly ever questioned.
Indd 32 8/10/09 12:14:25 PM Section Outline: The starting point of this chapter is Zygmunt Bauman’s assertion that community must be understood in the context of the shift from a solid modern society to a liquid modern sociality. After outlining what Bauman means by the term ‘liquid modernity’ and discussing what implications the emergence such a sociality has for the ways in which men and women imagine themselves and the ways they relate to one another, the chapter explores what this tells us about the ontological, ethical and aesthetical status of community.
Discipline & Punish by Michel Foucault