New PDF release: Design of Efficient and Safe Neural Stimulators: A

By Marijn van Dongen, Wouter Serdijn

ISBN-10: 3319281291

ISBN-13: 9783319281292

ISBN-10: 3319281313

ISBN-13: 9783319281315

This e-book discusses the layout of neural stimulator structures that are used for the therapy of a large choice of mind issues reminiscent of Parkinson’s, melancholy and tinnitus. while many latest books treating neural stimulation specialise in one specific layout element, akin to layout of the stimulator, this booklet makes use of a multidisciplinary procedure: via combining the fields of neuroscience, electrophysiology and electric engineering an intensive knowing of the full neural stimulation chain is created (from the stimulation IC all the way down to the neural cell). This multidisciplinary technique allows readers to achieve new insights into stimulator layout, whereas context is equipped by way of offering cutting edge layout examples.

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Additional resources for Design of Efficient and Safe Neural Stimulators: A Multidisciplinary Approach

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In this case Cc and Cdl are shorted individually and are guaranteed to discharge towards 0 V in pseudo steady-state. However, in this case the coupling capacitor is not contributing in any way to the charge balancing process: it does not improve dis and VCdl will have the same response as compared to the circuit without Cc . Furthermore the additional switch might introduce a single-fault device failure risk. This work focused on passive charge balancing techniques. Active charge balancing techniques use feedback to bring the electrode voltage back to safe values after a stimulation cycle and can therefore help to overcome the offset problem.

Note that Vif ;eq does not necessarily need to be zero for the system to work. This means that the method can be used in combination with a DC electrode bias, which is used to increase the charge injection capacity of AIROF electrodes [26]. Also note that “flattening” of the slope (non-linear increase) in the response of Fig. 8c is not a sufficient condition to assume irreversible reactions. In a practical situation both Cdl and Rct are likely to behave non-linear. This makes it possible for the slope to change without the need to trigger irreversible reactions.

6) Here V0 is the half-cell potential under standard conditions, while the second term corrects for deviations from these conditions. The factors ared and aox are the activity of the reduction and oxidation species in the half cell, which are closely related to the concentrations of the gaseous and aqueous species and z is the valence of the reaction. When an overpotential Áa D Vif Vn is established over the interface, the kinetics of the reactions are described using the electrochemical current density inet in the Butler–Volmer equation [4]: inet D i0 ŒO0;t exp .

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Design of Efficient and Safe Neural Stimulators: A Multidisciplinary Approach by Marijn van Dongen, Wouter Serdijn


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