Darwin without Malthus: The Struggle for Existence in by Daniel P. Todes PDF

By Daniel P. Todes

ISBN-10: 0195058305

ISBN-13: 9780195058307

19th century Russian intellectuals perceived a Malthusian bias in Darwin's thought of evolution through typical choice. They pointed out that bias with Darwin's inspiration of the fight for life and his emphasis upon the evolutionary function of overpopulation and intraspecific clash. during this e-book, Todes files a old Russian critique of Darwin's Malthusian errors, explores its courting to such clinical paintings as Mechnikov's phagocytic conception, Korzhinskii's mutation conception and Kropotkin's thought of mutual relief, and unearths its origins in Russia's political financial system and within the very nature of its land and weather. this can be the 1st e-book in English to envision intimately the clinical paintings of 19th century Russian evolutionists, and the 1st in any language to discover the connection of Russian theories to the industrial, political, and common situations during which they have been generated. It combines a huge scope (dealing with political figures and cultural hobbies) with an in depth research of clinical paintings on a number of themes.

Show description

Read or Download Darwin without Malthus: The Struggle for Existence in Russian Evolutionary Thought (Monographs on the History and Philosophy of Biology) PDF

Similar history & philosophy books

Read e-book online Images of Science: Essays on Realism and Empiricism PDF

"Churchland and Hooker have amassed ten papers through favorite philosophers of technology which problem van Fraassen's thesis from quite a few realist views. including van Fraassen's wide answer . . . those articles supply a accomplished photo of the present debate in philosophy of technological know-how among realists and anti-realists.

Free Will - download pdf or read online

The recent variation of this hugely profitable textual content will once more give you the perfect creation to unfastened will. This quantity brings jointly essentially the most influential contributions to the subject of loose will up to now 50 years, in addition to a few amazing fresh paintings.

Read e-book online Measurement: Its Concepts, Theories and Problems PDF

For a few years, Karel Berka has labored at the various relevant difficulties of the idea of the sciences. straight away a philosopher, a mathematician, a cautious pupil of the actual sciences and the social sciences, and a pointy yet sympathetic critic of the main philosophies of technological know-how during this century, Berka brings to this treatise on dimension either his technical mastery and his ancient sensitivity.

Download e-book for kindle: The Scientific Revolution and the Origins of Modern Science by John Henry

This can be a concise yet wide-ranging account of all elements of the clinical Revolution from astronomy to zoology. The 3rd edition has been thoroughly up to date, and a few sections revised and prolonged, take into consideration the most recent scholarship and learn and new advancements in historiography.

Extra info for Darwin without Malthus: The Struggle for Existence in Russian Evolutionary Thought (Monographs on the History and Philosophy of Biology)

Sample text

14 Malthus enjoyed great fame in England, Arsen'ev explained, and had been the first to argue that "population size is necessarily in harmony with the quantity of food supplies, or that there cannot be more inhabitants in a nation than there are supplies to feed them. "15 But this contention ignored the fact that additional people produce the additional "means of existence" that they require. He added: Malthus's proposition, one-sided and very limiting for other powers, would be beneficial for Russia, since, judging by its natural riches and the breadth of its cultivatable l a n d s .

He added, however, that after initial silence or mild approval, conservative "ignoramuses and self-styled patriots" launched an attack upon the selection theory in the late 1870s. 73 This generally favorable reception has long been acknowledged by historians, as have several reasons for it: Russia lacked an entrenched creationist tradition and had already produced a number of evolutionists (most notably zoologists K. F. Rul'e and K. E. von Baer, but also A. N. Beketov, A. P. Bogdanov, K. F. Kessler, N.

Furthermore, evolutionism resonated with the materialist and positivist inclinations of the urban intelligentsia of the 1860s, particularly of the progressives who flooded the biological sciences. 74 Darwin's Russian audience was, then, well prepared for his evolutionism. It was, by the same token, well prepared to evaluate critically the novel features of Darwin's selection theory, particularly his appeal, through the metaphor "struggle for existence, " to a body of common knowledge that proved not so common at all.

Download PDF sample

Darwin without Malthus: The Struggle for Existence in Russian Evolutionary Thought (Monographs on the History and Philosophy of Biology) by Daniel P. Todes

by Paul

Rated 4.64 of 5 – based on 28 votes