By W. Andrew Achenbaum
Gerontology didn't become a systematic box of inquiry within the usa till the 20th century. by means of tracing highbrow networks and studying institutional styles, Crossing Frontiers indicates how outdated age grew to become a "problem" worthy investigating and the way a multidisciplinary orientation took form. Gerontology continues to be a marginal highbrow firm, yet its very strengths and weaknesses light up the politics of specialization and educational turf-fighting in U.S. greater schooling.
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Additional info for Crossing Frontiers: Gerontology Emerges as a Science
182. , 1913), p. 61; retirement, in Metchnikoff, "Old Age," p. 534. Columnists who interviewed Metchnikoff toward the end of his life invariably commented on his youthful face and gait. 19 Metchnikoff, "Old Age," 536; for the contributions of the old-old, see p. 550. 20 Metchnikoff, Nature, pp. 294-5. On optimism, see p. 261. Again, see Cole, Journey of Life, for a less benign interpretation of Metchnikoff's attempts to resurrect patriarchical authority in pursuing his search for longevity. 21 Metchnikoff, Nature, p.
23 (Summer 1990): 220-32, 239nn6. " For the next twenty-five years Metchnikoff refined and defended his theory that phagocytes (leukocytes, or white corpuscles as they are known in humans) were the first line of defense against acute infection. Expertise he had acquired through studies of embryology, parasitology, and digestion prepared Metchnikoff well to cross frontiers into the domains of comparative pathology and medicine. In 1884 he declared that blood congested at a wound site as a result of white blood cells' efforts tried to overcome the invading microbes.
38 (1987): 229-55; J e r r v G. Gaff and Robert C. Wilson, "Faculty Cultures and Interdisciplinary Studies," Journal of Higher Education, vol. 42 (1971): 186-201; Steven Weiland, Intellectual Craftsmen (New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers, 1991); Peter H. Rossi, "Researchers, Scholars and Policy Makers," Daedalus, vol. 98 (1964): 1,142-61; Jo Anne Brown and David K. van Keuren, The Estate of Social Knowledge (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1991). 58 Philosophers disagree about the sources of authority and hegemony in scientific inquiry,59 but most acknowledge that scientific methods diverge from practices in other spheres of everyday life.
Crossing Frontiers: Gerontology Emerges as a Science by W. Andrew Achenbaum