By John Tierney
This can be a transparent, ancient advent to criminology that mixes an obtainable sort with in-depth research to advertise a wide knowing of this interesting self-discipline. shut realization to the advance of criminology and criminological idea presents a logical constitution in which scholars will soak up the vast scope of this region from an appreciation of the societal and cultural impacts that experience formed it.
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Extra info for Criminology: Theory & Context, Second Edition
What has to be stressed is that it cannot be assumed that amounts of unrecorded crime have stayed constant throughout history, as the following discussion of some of the main variables determining amounts of recorded crime will illustrate. Public reporting Given that about 80 per cent of crime known to the police comes to their attention as a result of information from the public, the willingness of the public to report crime is a crucial factor. Obviously, statistical comparisons across time will need to take this into consideration.
Cullen, F. T. and Ball, R. A. (2002), Criminological Theory: Context and consequences, 3rd edn, London: Sage. Now in its fourth edition, Downes, D. and Rock, P. (2003), Understanding Deviance, 4th edn, Oxford: Oxford University Press, is a classic British text written by two major figures in British Criminology. Sumner, C. ) (2004), The Blackwell Companion to Criminology, Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, provides a collection of critical discussions of a range of key themes and issues, many of which have emerged recently within criminology; at the time of writing it is only available in hardback.
Form a central part of the political management of communities’ (Scraton, 1985: 105). So what, from a police point of view, does the ideal citizen look like? This question is perhaps answered most succinctly by the PSI report. Referring to police culture, the report says: ‘It is a milieu in which people who do not speak with a London or other regional accent and men who do not dress like football managers are definitely made to feel out of place’ (Smith and Grey, 1985: 435). QXD 17/8/05 3:10 pm Page 32 32 2 • Measuring crime and criminality The implications for criminal statistics Taken together, the cirumstances outlined above constitute a complex mix of factors shaping police policies and practices across the board.
Criminology: Theory & Context, Second Edition by John Tierney