By Richard Clay Hanes, Sharon M. Hanes, Sarah Hermsen
Publication via Hanes, Richard Clay, Hanes, Sharon M., Hermsen, Sarah
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Additional resources for Crime And Punishment In America: 001
They agreed to abide by rules for the general good of all. Half of the Pilgrims died during the harsh winter of 1620–21 but the Plymouth colony managed to survive. Settlers spread out to establish New Hampshire in 1623. In 1630 approximately one thousand Puritans set sail from England in eleven boats for the New World where they established more strict religious communities including the new settlement of Boston. Connecticut was established in 1633 and Rhode Island in 1636. By 1642 Plymouth had grown into the Massachusetts Bay Colony with twelve thousand inhabitants.
Local courts and magistrates While the colonies were different and changes occurred independently through the next century, some basic traits in the court system were widely shared. The major figure in the colonial court system was the magistrate (a local official with limited power), often called justice of the peace or, simply, judge. This person mostly dealt with petty (minor) crimes in his local area. The local trial courts in the colonies were commonly called county courts. Judges overseeing these courts were not professionals but usually religious or political leadColonial Period 11 ers.
The early colonial policing system proved loose and unreliable. As the colonies became more established and populated, the governor in each colony began appointing sheriffs to enforce laws. The sheriff, running the jails, selecting juries, and managing prisoners, served as the top government agent in the county. Usually the community helped the sheriff to capture suspects. Sometimes a posse, a group of people assembled by a sheriff or other county official to help maintain order, was organized.
Crime And Punishment In America: 001 by Richard Clay Hanes, Sharon M. Hanes, Sarah Hermsen