By Anatol Stefanowitsch, Stefan Th. Gries
Cognitive Linguistics, the department of linguistics that attempts to ''make one's account of human language accord with what's often recognized in regards to the brain and the brain,'' has turn into probably the most flourishing fields of latest linguistics. The chapters handle many vintage themes of Cognitive Linguistics. those issues comprise stories at the semantics of particular phrases (including polysemy and synonymy) in addition to semantic features of specific syntactic styles / structures (including constructional synonymy and the schematicity of constructions), the research of causatives, transitivity, and image-schematic facets of posture verbs.
the major attribute of this quantity is that each one papers undertake the methodological point of view of Corpus Linguistics, the swiftly evolving department of linguistics in response to the automated research of language utilized in genuine settings. hence, the contributions don't in simple terms all offer a number of new insights of their respective fields, in addition they introduce new information in addition to new corpus-based and quantitative tools of study. at the foundation in their findings, the authors speak about either theoretical implications going well past the singular subject matters of the experiences and convey how the self-discipline of Cognitive Linguistics can enjoy the rigorous research of naturally-occurring language. The languages that are investigated are English, German, Dutch, and Russian, and the information come from numerous assorted corpora. As such, the current quantity should be of curiosity to a variety of students with many alternative foci and pursuits and will pave the best way for additional integration of usage-based strategies of study inside this fascinating paradigm.
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Extra info for Corpora in Cognitive Linguistics: Corpus-Based Approaches to Syntax and Lexis
Three alternative construction possibilities reveal argument- and event-structure properties of the four finite verbs that remain implicit in the [VFIN VINF] pattern. Together, these constructions elucidate the direction and degree of integration between the two verbs in the sequence and delineate semantically coherent verb classes. I propose to take the substitutability requirement more seriously with respect to the constructional potential of the verbs. Near-synonyms should be freely inter- Ways of intending: Delineating and structuring near-synonyms 47 changeable at the level of the network of constructions they are part of: a network captures the finite verbs’ meaning at the coarse grain.
ID tags encode structural and lexical preferences; on the basis of these data they reveal how the near-synonyms have different prototypical distributions and how they each specify a view on a situation. The present corpus-based analysis can be validated and extended in several (synchronic) respects of which I only mention those for which precise techniques have been developed. First, further quantitative analysis of the behavioral profiles by means of t-values and z-scores sheds light on which of the ID tags exhibit the largest differences between the clusters and the verbs in those clusters (cf.
Yet, complement clause constructions are not only a (complementary) diagnostic for the status of finite verb and infinitive. In addition that-complementation is an explicit measure for the degree of integration between the two verbs of the construction as it requires detaching the second verb structure conceptually from the finite verb. That-complementation signals both distance and objectivity (Wierzbicka 1988: 132 ff; Langacker 1991: 446–449). Indeed, in the same “plan”sense, planirovat’ ‘plan’ could introduce a that-complement clause with non-coreferential subject; the action that is being planned is not necessarily carried out by the person who is planning it, as illustrated in (7).
Corpora in Cognitive Linguistics: Corpus-Based Approaches to Syntax and Lexis by Anatol Stefanowitsch, Stefan Th. Gries