By James A. Sandos
This publication is a compelling and balanced heritage of the California missions and their influence at the Indians they attempted to transform. Focusing totally on the non secular clash among the 2 teams, it sheds new mild at the tensions, accomplishments, and barriers of the California undertaking event. James Sandos, an eminent authority at the American West, strains the heritage of the Franciscan missions from the production of the 1st one in 1769 till they have been grew to become over to the general public in 1836. Addressing such issues because the singular theology of the missions, the position of tune in bonding Indians to Franciscan organisations, the ailments because of touch with the missions, and the Indian resistance to missionary job, Sandos not just describes what occurred within the California missions yet deals a persuasive reason behind why it occurred.
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Additional info for Converting California: Indians and Franciscans in the Missions
Indian concepts of power, virtually undetected by their missionaries, provided what in modern terminology would be called an alternate universe offering spiritual and nonspiritual support in coping with the Christian God and in reconciling European spiritual teachings and Spanish colonial imposition with Indian lifeways. The Luiseño had the most elaborately articulated idea of power that survived colonization and even an outline of its tenets suggests how other groups viewed power in their lives.
3 Junípero Serra and Franciscan Evangelization California’s missions cannot be understood apart from their evangelical purpose of bringing Native Americans to Christianity. In that effort Junípero Serra, first father president of the missions from 1769 until 1784, made an imprint that lasted with but little modification through the Spanish era that ended in 1822. During his tenure, nine of what would be twenty-one missions were begun, with Serra personally founding six. At his death more than 4,600 natives had been baptized, and all of the older missions except San Diego had met the problems of survival and were producing surplus foodstuffs.
When the fire finally had been lit Coyote leaped over the guard and snatched the heart of Wiyot from the flames, ran away, and consumed it. Coyote became the symbol of inconstancy and trickery and Wiyot was transformed into the Moon. In memory of Wiyot his Indian successors cremated their dead until the Franciscans forbade the practice at the missions. With Wiyot’s death life was thrown into chaos, since now power could not be controlled and its sources were uncertain. 30 Indians at Contact Sometime after Wiyot’s death another powerful being appeared who called himself God and whom the Indians called Chinigchinich.
Converting California: Indians and Franciscans in the Missions by James A. Sandos