By Jorge Larraín
Este tercer volumen de l. a. serie se concentra en el análisis de tres tradiciones centrales del pensamiento en las ciencias sociales: el irracionalismo, el historicismo y el positivismo. Aquí entra con más fuerza el problema de l. a. verdad y los angeles ciencia, para defenderlas o atacarlas. El concepto de ideología deja de ser analizado solo en el contexto del capitalismo y son ahora l. a. propia razón y los angeles ciencia las que caen bajo sospecha (historicismo, irracionalismo), o las que son defendidas contra los angeles metafísica (positivismo).
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Extra resources for Concepto de ideología. Volumen 3. Irracionalismo, historicismo y positivismo: Nietzsche, Mannheim y Durkheim
Such descriptions therefore needed to be based on the cognitive style that the actors in the situation adopt when “working” in the everyday (Garfinkel 2006 : 132–145). In Garfinkel’s view it was only possible to produce such descriptions when the researcher embedded him/herself (as far as possible) in the situation. Thus s/he would be able to acquire and appropriate the knowledge and competencies that actors deploy in the everyday. For Garfinkel, therefore, it 49 Harold Garfinkel The Creation and Development of Ethnomethodology was necessary for the sociologist to adopt the orientation and attitude of the participant in the situation so that the embodied knowledge of the participant became intelligible for her/him.
Social order, identity, role, and group are practical achievements. They are accomplished in and through participants’ actions that become intelligibly observable as coherent and meaningful. In Seeing Sociologically, Garfinkel (2006 ) developed the basis for his program of research that he later called ethnomethodology. At the time of his development of ideas about the need to respecify key sociological concepts, Garfinkel was strongly influenced by his intellectual engagement with Schutz and phenomenology.
In concrete situations. Schutz argued that while people might encounter unfamiliar situations, they were still able to act and interact in them by using such actor-generated typologies. In his studies, therefore, these actor-generated typologies replaced the 44 Chapter 3 Sociology and “Sociological Attitude” normative basis that underlay Parsons’ pattern variables and concept of social order. ” While Parsons had removed social scientists from the perspective of the everyday to adopt a perspective where sociologists could produce historically comparable propositions by deploying a general analytic system, Schutz’s sociology remained on the level of the everyday.
Concepto de ideología. Volumen 3. Irracionalismo, historicismo y positivismo: Nietzsche, Mannheim y Durkheim by Jorge Larraín