By Barry Godfrey, Clive Emsley, Graeme Dunstall, Martin Wiener
This publication goals to either mirror and take ahead present considering on comparative and cross-national and cross-cultural elements of the heritage of crime. Its content material is wide-ranging: a few chapters talk about the price of comparative methods in supporting realizing of comparative historical past, and supplying learn instructions for the longer term; others handle considerable matters and subject matters that might be of curiosity to these with pursuits in either historical past and criminology. total the e-book goals to increase the point of interest of the ancient context of crime and policing to take fuller account of cross-national and cross-cultural elements.
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Various English-language collections have ranged more widely. 19 Comparative Histories of Crime Margaret Arnot and Cornelie Usborne edited an important volume focusing on the concept of gender, and how gender norms were reflected and reinforced by both legal practices and forms of deviant behaviour (Arnot and Usborne, 1999). Eric Johnson and Eric Monkkonnen (1996) have employed Elias’s concept of the civilising process to bind together a collection exploring the shifting patterns of violent behaviour in Europe since the Middle Ages.
Jewell, H. The North-South Divide: The Origins of Northern Consciousness in England. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1994. Johnson, E. A. and Monkkonen, E. H. (eds) The Civilization of Crime: Violence in Town and Country since the Middle Ages. Urbana, IL and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1996. 30 Introduction: do you have plane-spotters in New Zealand? Karstedt, S. ‘Comparing cultures, comparing crime: challenges, prospects and problems for a global criminology’, Crime, Law and Social Change, 36, 2001, pp.
This issue is taken up in the essay by John Carter Wood in which he rehearses some of the different methodologies deployed to explain violent behaviour. Since the Enlightenment students of criminal behaviour have assumed cross-cultural similarities in interpersonal violence with various evolutionary biological and psychological explanations being proposed. Wood touches on the broad explanations for the overall decline in violence, but his real interest is on how historians can use comparison to explore violence and the meaning of violence across different boundaries – the boundaries of time, of states and of regions being the most obvious – and to assess how narratives of violence and violent actions might interact in different cultural settings.
Comparative histories of crime by Barry Godfrey, Clive Emsley, Graeme Dunstall, Martin Wiener