By Landon R. Y. Storrs
Providing clean insights into the heritage of work coverage, the hot Deal, feminism, and southern politics, Landon Storrs examines the recent Deal period of the nationwide shoppers' League, essentially the most influential reform organisations of the early 20th century.Founded in 1899 by way of prosperous ladies interested in the exploitation of ladies salary earners, the nationwide shoppers' League used a method of "ethical intake" to spark a profitable flow for kingdom legislation to minimize hours and determine minimal wages for ladies. throughout the nice melancholy, it campaigned to elevate hard work criteria within the unregulated, non-union South, hoping to deter the relocation of brands to the area as a result of more cost-effective exertions and to damage the downward spiral of work criteria national. selling rules of men's exertions in addition to women's, the league formed the nationwide restoration management codes and the reasonable hard work criteria Act of 1938 yet nonetheless battled the nationwide Woman's social gathering, whose proposed equivalent rights modification threatened sex-based hard work laws.Using the nationwide shoppers' League as a window at the nation's evolving reform culture, Civilizing Capitalism explores what revolutionary feminists was hoping for from the hot Deal and why, regardless of major victories, they finally have been disenchanted.
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Extra resources for Civilizing Capitalism: The National Consumers' League, Women's Activism, and Labor Standards in the New Deal Era
Rarely more than ﬁgureheads, these included Unitarian minister John Graham Brooks (1899–1915), Cleveland mayor and secretary of war Newton D. Baker (1915–23), John R. Commons (1923–34), and John G. Winant (1934–38). John Commons fathered the Wisconsin School of labor economics during the Progressive Era as well as the American Association for Labor Legislation. John Winant, liberal Republican governor of New Hampshire, headed a textile labor relations board under the National Recovery Administration and then was the ﬁrst chairman of the Social Security Board.
Ncl leaders had for some time wanted to press the group’s agenda in the South, and in the ﬁftyyear-old Mason, they chose someone with a long record of work for the rights of women, workers, and African Americans. ’’≥π In her youth, Mason drew inspiration from Walter Rauschenbusch, the American preacher of the social gospel who was, like Beatrice Webb, a foremost proponent of social democracy. ≥∫ Succeeding Mason was Mary Dublin, an economist trained at the London School of Economics and Columbia.
The category of consumer was no longer imagined as exclusively female (or exclusively a∆uent), but it certainly included women, more clearly so than the categories of worker or employer. ≥∏ Increasingly, league members acted as the consumers’ conscience by administering labor standards laws. Florence Kelley in Illinois in the 1890s 22 The National Consumers’ League was just the ﬁrst of many league activists who won positions enforcing the laws they had drafted. S. , minimum wage board from about 1918 to 1923.
Civilizing Capitalism: The National Consumers' League, Women's Activism, and Labor Standards in the New Deal Era by Landon R. Y. Storrs