Sigmund Freud's Civilization and its Discontents PDF

By Sigmund Freud

ISBN-10: 0141964235

ISBN-13: 9780141964232

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Im Mittelpunkt seiner Analyse steht die Frage nach der gesellschaftlichen Anwendung der menschlichen „Arbeitskraft“ im Kapitalismus. Arendt erweist sich zum anderen als eine ebenfalls für das Verständnis der Moderne wichtige Theoretikerin, die sich hingegen damit beschäftigt, welche Folgen es hat, wenn die Arbeit vor allen anderen menschlichen Tätigkeiten ins Zentrum der gesellschaftlichen Aktivitäten rückt. Die Theorien von Marx und Arendt repräsentieren damit zwei unterschiedliche Denkwege. Marx geht es vor allem darum, die Formen der Aneignung von Arbeitskraft in den Produktions- und Reproduktionsprozessen der modernen kapitalistischen Gesellschaften zu analysieren.

Der Sklave ist vielmehr das Gegenteil des Freien und der Mensch kann sowohl „Sklave“ als auch „Freier“ sein. ). Die Unterschiede zwischen den Menschen liegen also darin begründet, welchen Tätigkeiten sie nachgehen. Die menschlichen Tätigkeiten werden damit zu einem qualifizierenden Merkmal des Menschen und seine Stellung innerhalb der sozialen Ordnung erfolgt auf der Grundlage dieser qualitativen Unterscheidungen. Den Ausgangspunkt für das aristotelische Denken bildet daher die „Ungleichheit des Menschen“ (Heller 1988: 453).

One of the main objects of the present chapter will therefore be to clarify her view of Marx’s relation to totalitarianism, while showing in more general terms how her study of Marx led to The Human Condition. ” (Canovan 1992: 64) Auch Seyla Benhabib hebt in ihrer Darstellung des Verhältnisses von Arendt und Marx vor allem die von Arendt kritisierte fehlende Unterscheidung von „labour“ and „work“ bei Marx hervor: „I think Arendt is right in claiming that Marx attributes to labor – Arbeit – the worldconstitutive function that she thinks is more properly characteristic of work – Werk“ (Benhabib 1996: 132).

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Civilization and its Discontents by Sigmund Freud

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