Newton's Apple and Other Myths about Science - download pdf or read online

By Ronald L. Numbers, Kostas Kampourakis (eds.)

ISBN-10: 0674967984

ISBN-13: 9780674967984

A falling apple encouraged Isaac Newton’s perception into the legislations of gravity―or so the tale is going. Is it real? possibly no longer. however the extra interesting query is why such tales undergo as reasons of ways technological know-how occurs. Newton’s Apple and different Myths approximately Science brushes away well known misconceptions to supply a clearer photo of significant medical breakthroughs from precedent days to the present.

Among the myths refuted during this quantity is the concept that no technology used to be performed in the dead of night a while, that alchemy and astrology have been basically superstitious ambitions, that worry of public response by myself led Darwin to hold up publishing his idea of evolution, and that Gregor Mendel used to be a long way sooner than his time as a pioneer of genetics. numerous twentieth-century myths approximately particle physics, Einstein’s concept of relativity, and extra are discredited the following to boot. moreover, a few large generalizations approximately technological know-how pass less than the microscope of background: the thought that faith impeded technology, that scientists commonly adhere to a codified “scientific method,” and shiny line should be drawn among valid technological know-how and pseudoscience.

Edited through Ronald Numbers and Kostas Kampourakis, Newton’s Apple and different Myths approximately Science debunks the frequent trust that technology advances whilst person geniuses event “Eureka!” moments and unexpectedly understand what these round them might by no means think. technological know-how has constantly been a cooperative firm of committed, fallible humans, for whom context, collaboration, and sheer solid success are the basic parts of discovery.

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Sam M. Austin's Up from Nothing: The Michigan State University Cyclotron PDF

By Sam M. Austin

ISBN-10: 0996725202

ISBN-13: 9780996725200

Up from Nothing is the tale of the Michigan nation college Cyclotron Laboratory and its progress from the appointment of a unmarried person in 1958 to while the college earned the ideal to construct the ability for infrequent Isotope Beams (FRIB) in 2008.
The cyclotron laboratory at MSU has been identified for years because the most sensible collage nuclear physics laboratory within the usa, and maybe on the earth. yet only a few, even in its place of birth of East Lansing, understand how it completed that prestige or why it prospered while laboratories at many different well-known universities faded.
during this ebook Austin, a nuclear physicist who has been on the laboratory because the starting of its ascent, offers us a striking tale. It starts off with a great person, Henry Blosser, who based the laboratory, outfitted a cyclotron accelerator of uniquely excessive precision, and recruited a crew of nuclear physicists that used it to set up the laboratory’s attractiveness. Its credibility ended in a series of accelerators, each one working in a distinct sub?eld whereas carrying on with a practice of leading edge technology, and to a laboratory tradition that fostered the braveness and foresight to compete for the FRIB within the face of daunting odds.

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Download e-book for kindle: Herman Boerhaave (1668-1738): Calvinist Chemist and by Rina Knoeff

By Rina Knoeff

ISBN-10: 9069843420

ISBN-13: 9789069843421

Herman Boerhaave, who held professorships in drugs, botany, and chemistry on the collage of Leiden, is usually thought of crucial scientific instructor after Galen. identified in the course of his lifetime as "The instructor of Europe," his attractiveness was once alleged to have reached all of the method to China. formerly, historians of technology and drugs have under pressure the mechanical points of his teachings, yet have missed the rules at the back of them, lots of that are alien to fashionable technological know-how. This ebook indicates that Boerhaave's average philosophy and method have been rooted in his deep spiritual religion, and that Calvinism guided a lot of his clinical inspiration.

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Lebensweisheit. Versuch einer Glückseligkeitslehre Fragen - download pdf or read online

By Moritz Schlick, Mathias Iven

ISBN-10: 3211297898

ISBN-13: 9783211297896

ISBN-10: 321129791X

ISBN-13: 9783211297919

Ethischen Problemen hat Moritz Schlick zeitlebens große Aufmerksamkeit entgegen gebracht, insbesondere den Fragen nach dem Sinn des Lebens und nach der Konstituierung einer allgemein zu akzeptierenden ethical. Die Schriften "Lebensweisheit" (1907) und "Fragen der Ethik" (1930) bilden sozusagen die Eckpunkte seiner bereits seit Anfang des 20. Jahrhunderts entwickelten Auffassung von der Ethik als einer psychologisch begründeten Lust- und Glückseligkeitslehre.

Die Texte basieren auf den Originalausgaben und wurden anhand der nachgelassenen Manuskripte bzw. Typoskripte textkritisch bearbeitet und kommentiert. Durch den Kontext der Werke ergeben sich neue und wertvolle Einsichten in die Entwicklung von Schlicks ethisch-moralischem Denken.

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Download PDF by Jon Elster: Explaining Technical Change: A Case Study in the Philosophy

By Jon Elster

ISBN-10: 0521249201

ISBN-13: 9780521249201

Technical switch, outlined because the manufacture and amendment of instruments, is mostly proposal to have performed an immense position within the evolution of clever lifestyles on the earth, such as that of language. during this quantity, first released in 1983, Jon Elster ways the examine of technical swap from an epistemological viewpoint. He first units out the most tools of clinical rationalization after which applies these how you can a number of the crucial theories of technical switch. particularly, Elster considers neoclassical, evolutionary, and Marxist theories, when additionally devoting a bankruptcy to Joseph Schumpeter's influential concept.

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Philosophy of Natural Science by Carl Hempel PDF

By Carl Hempel

In accordance with easy good points research of grid engineering building venture threat below PMC version, the paper units up gray analytic evaluation version for venture owner's threat administration, addressing particular and lifelike difficulties propping up throughout the undertaking strategy. The version presents a framework for the venture proprietor to manage and deal with dangers, with intensity dialogue at the nature, evaluate, keep an eye on and explanations of  Read more...

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Download PDF by Karel Berka: Measurement: Its Concepts, Theories and Problems

By Karel Berka

ISBN-10: 9400978286

ISBN-13: 9789400978287

ISBN-10: 9400978308

ISBN-13: 9789400978300

For a long time, Karel Berka has labored at a few of the important difficulties of the idea of the sciences. straight away a truth seeker, a mathematician, a cautious pupil of the actual sciences and the social sciences, and a pointy yet sympathetic critic of the most important philosophies of technology during this century, Berka brings to this treatise on size either his technical mastery and his historic sensitivity. We savor his cautious research of his predecessors, significantly Helmholtz, Campbell, Holder, Bridgman, Camap, Hempel, and Stevens, and of his contemporaries comparable to Brian Ellis and in addition Patrick Suppes and J. L. Zinnes. the problems to be clarified are known yet nonetheless troubling: tips to justify the conceptual transition from type to a metric; tips on how to discover how you can supply a quantitative realizing of a qualitative notion; certainly the right way to comprehend, and thereby keep watch over, the Galilean enthusiasm "to degree what's measurable and to aim to render measurable what's no longer in order yet".

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