By Jean Blondel, Ferdinand Müller-Rommel
A presentation of the constitution and workings of the nationwide cupboards in Western ecu nations this present day, in accordance with a typical framework which permits the reader to check their origins, constitution, composition and actions. Emphasis is put on the management and at the personality of coalitions.
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Extra resources for Cabinets in Western Europe
Because much decision-making on major items 32 The United Kingdom is spread outside the cabinet it is essential to place it in the context of the wider cabinet system. It is this system which is the locus of decisionmaking. The cabinet can be seen as playing an important and central part in this system, but it is not the only arena for decision-making. Many matters are decided amongst only a small group of cabinet members or between ministers and civil servants or between a minister and the Prime Minister.
It is the parliamentary parties especially in the House of Commons and on the governing side that are the most significant sources of party influence. Important channels of communication exist between ministers, the party whips (who help organise party support in Parliament) and the other MPs and backbenchers belonging to the governing party. A further link is provided by Parliamentary Private Secretaries (PPSs), who are MPs who serve each minister and help to maintain contact between them and the back bench members of their party.
First, the convention of collective responsibility implies that decisions once reached should be supported by all members of the government and that dissenting ministers should either concur or resign (Marshall, 1984). Second is the convention that individual ministers are responsible to Parliament, at least in the sense of being answerable, for the work of 17 18 The United Kingdom their departments and may be expected to resign in the case of a major shortcoming (Wright, 1977; Marshall and Moodie, 1971).
Cabinets in Western Europe by Jean Blondel, Ferdinand Müller-Rommel