By Jens Nielsen
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Tion step of the alternative non-mevalonate pathway was identiﬁed and cloned from E. coli and the plant Mentha piperita [100–102] (Fig. 5). It now seems apparant that most Gram-negative bacteria and Bacillus subtilis use the MEP pathway for isoprenoid biosynthesis, whereas staphylococci, streptococci, enterococci, fungi and archaea use the mevalonate pathway [103–106]. Although most Streptomyces strains are equipped with the MEP pathway, some of them have been reported to possess the mevalonate pathway in addition to the MEP pathway used to produce terpenoid antibiotics [107–110].
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Manipulation of Ginsenoside Heterogeneity . . . . . . . . . 67 67 68 69 70 4 Perspectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Abstract This chapter proposes the concept of rational manipulation of secondary metabolite heterogeneity in plant cell cultures. The heterogeneity of plant secondary metabolites is a very interesting and important issue because these structure-similar natural products have different biological activities.
Biotechnology for the Future by Jens Nielsen