By David Barton, Karin Tusting
This publication includes a collection of reports exploring the concept that of "communities of practice", which has been influential in social sciences, schooling, and administration lately. Its major goal is to stress the significance of components corresponding to language, strength, and social context that are necessary to realizing how groups of perform paintings. the idea that has been a very influential one yet has had little sustained critique, so a booklet of this sort is well timed and necessary.
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Additional info for Beyond Communities of Practice: Language Power and Social Context (Learning in Doing: Social, Cognitive and Computational Perspectives)
The link with power is much more explicit, and new theoretical tools are offered for analysing how reifications travel across time and space to accrue power; how social relations are involved in maintaining and promoting (or dismantling) particular reifications and who benefits from these activities. These tools include the concepts of distribution, translation, framing and deletion; localising moves and globalising connects. For example, from our work on literacy, we would identify localising moves such as exercising choice or preferences; interpreting general categories in the light of local contexts; appropriating texts to immediate and different purposes and recombining resources in novel ways.
There are particular locally accepted ‘facts’ which are expressed in language: “You have to be well-organised in this job”. The majority of the work that is done is language work: reading phone messages and claims forms, speaking to people on the phone, filling in forms on the computers, adding in ‘pattern paragraphs’ and entering notes on claims. Language is the principal means used by the processors to maintain their social relationships: greeting one another in the lobby, chatting about life outside work during the breaks, telling stories about adventures and relationships and gossiping about shared friends on the way home.
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Beyond Communities of Practice: Language Power and Social Context (Learning in Doing: Social, Cognitive and Computational Perspectives) by David Barton, Karin Tusting