By Pamela O. Long
This e-book presents the historic historical past for a significant factor within the heritage of technology: the effect of artisans, craftsmen, and different practitioners at the emergent empirical methodologies that characterised the "new sciences" of the overdue 16th and 17th centuries. lengthy deals a coherent account and demanding revision of the "Zilsel thesis," an influential etiological narrative which argues that such craftsmen have been instrumental in bringing concerning the "Scientific Revolution."
Artisan/Practitioners reassesses the difficulty of artisanal effect from 3 assorted views: the perceived relationships among artwork and nature; the Vitruvian architectural culture with its appreciation of either thought and perform; and the advance of "trading zones"--arenas within which artisans and discovered males communicated in significant methods. those complicated social and highbrow advancements, the e-book argues, underlay the advance of the empirical sciences.
This quantity offers new dialogue and synthesis of a idea that encompasses huge advancements in eu background and learn of the flora and fauna. will probably be a beneficial source for college-level educating, and for students and others attracted to the historical past of technology, overdue medieval and early smooth ecu background, and the medical Revolution.
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Additional resources for Artisan/Practitioners and the Rise of the New Sciences, 1400–1600
14 Beyond this quibble, I would say that Aristotle’s experimental and observational approach, especially in his zoological work, is not really a point of contention among historians. Most historians of science agree that Aristotle did do experimental or empirical work, especially in his study of animals. 15 But the question is this: To what extent did medieval Aristotelians use experimental procedures in fundamental 34 | Art, Nature, and the Culture of Empiricism ways as Aristotle did in some of his biological and meteorological works?
28 Although Olschki’s ideas about the significance of language were not taken up, his detailed discussions of the writings of men who engaged in technical practices—men such as the humanist and architect Leon Battista Alberti, the goldsmith Lorenzo Ghiberti (1378– 1455), the mathematics teacher Luca Pacioli (1446/7–1517), the painter Piero della Francesca (c. 1415–1492), and the painter/engineer Leonardo da Vinci—played an important role in disseminating the detailed content of such writings, making them available for further utilization.
These issues have practical manifestations for real machinery, but Leonardo is also interested in the study of motion itself in all its small, local manifestations. These drawings, of which there can be little doubt that they were drawings of actual working gears that he had constructed, can be thought of as observational tools. Leonardo is here observing the motions of fabricated objects. He has had gears of various forms constructed and has placed them in various positions. Artisanal craftwork and the study of nature, that is, the study of motion, go hand in hand.
Artisan/Practitioners and the Rise of the New Sciences, 1400–1600 by Pamela O. Long