By Ian Stuart-Hamilton
With the world's inhabitants getting more and more older, there hasn't ever been a extra urgent desire for the research of previous age and growing old. An advent to Gerontology presents a wide-ranging creation to this significant subject. through assuming no earlier professional wisdom and averting jargon, this booklet will consultant scholars via all of the major topics in gerontology, masking either conventional components, akin to organic and social getting older, in addition to extra modern components, reminiscent of know-how, the humanities, sexuality and schooling of older adults. An advent to Gerontology is written by means of a workforce of foreign authors with multidisciplinary backgrounds who draw proof from various diverse views and traditions.
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Ezzati, M. et al. (2006) Global burden of disease and risk factors. Washington, DC: World Bank/Oxford University Press. J. et al. (2008) Socioeconomic inequalities in morbidity and mortality in Western Europe, New England Journal of Medicine, 358, 2468–81. I. (1970a) Persistence of life style among the elderly, in E. ), Normal aging. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 329–31. (1970b) Themes and issues in sociological theories of human aging, Human Development, 13, 17–27. , Milburn, N. et al. (2001) Attachment styles in older European American and African American adults, Journals of Gerontology.
Werner syndrome is the best studied of these. In spite of a short stature, patients with this disease tend to develop normally, and typically the first symptom is the absence of the normal teenage growth spurt. As the disease progresses, however, patients develop at an early age several characteristics resembling typical ageing such as cataracts, grey hair and aged skin (Martin, 1982). Patients also abnormally develop early age-related diseases like diabetes, osteoporosis, baldness and atherosclerosis, and their average lifespan is only 47– 48 years (Goto, 1997; Martin and Oshima, 2000).
The classical example of a semelparous species is the salmon, which dies shortly after spawning, exhibiting several pathologies. Castrated animals live longer and a hormonal cascade appears to trigger both reproduction and degeneration leading to death (Finch, 1990; Gosden, 1996; Hayflick, 1994). 1) and ageing (Austad, 1997a, 1997b). Among mammals, only a few marsupials, like certain species of the mouse-like genus Antechinus, exhibit semelparity that is also triggered by hormonal changes. No mammalian species is known to avoid ageing (Finch, 1990; Gosden, 1996).
An Introduction to Gerontology by Ian Stuart-Hamilton