By K. Hamblin
This booklet explores the adoption of 'active getting older' rules by way of EU15 countries and the impression on older peoples' paintings and retirement coverage innovations. rules tested comprise unemployment advantages, lively labour marketplace regulations, partial pension receipt, pension rules, early retirement and incentives for deferral.
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Extra info for Active Ageing in the European Union: Policy Convergence and Divergence
The early exit trend has proved stubborn with Phillipson (2004) arguing institutional ageism is the result of a ‘cultural lag’ in that early exit was introduced at a time when there was a surplus of labour and attitudes have yet to shift to the new reality of the ageing workforce and labour shortages. Indeed, “[p]resent policies in respect of older workers still generally consider them as a labour reserve rather than as active labour market participants. The widely used ‘early retirement’ approach is virtually a ‘hidden nonemployment’ approach” (Samorodov for ILO, 1999: 32).
The shift in national demographics resulting from falling fertility, increased longevity and the ‘baby boomer’ generation entering the third age have necessitated that social protection systems must become more attuned to these demands through a process of modernisation (Commission of the European Communities, 2005). The contract between generations is also argued in many EU level documents to be under threat from the numeric imbalance between the generations, with Amitsis et al. (2003: 12) in a report for the EU calling for the “[r]ecalibration aims at the promotion of intergenerational justice and intragenerational equality”.
24 Active Ageing in the European Union The rationale behind the move to ‘active ageing’ is one issue this chapter has aimed to explore yet the main focus of this book is not why the EU focuses on encouraging employment in later life, but whether this ethos is visible in the reforms of retirement and employment policies for older workers in EU15 countries. Just because active ageing is now on the EU’s agenda, it does not necessarily follow that all nations will adopt similar policy mixes, or that all older individuals will experience this policy shift equally.
Active Ageing in the European Union: Policy Convergence and Divergence by K. Hamblin