Download PDF by W. McIntyre: A Guide To the Contemporary Commonwealth

By W. McIntyre

ISBN-10: 0230512003

ISBN-13: 9780230512009

ISBN-10: 0333963091

ISBN-13: 9780333963098

This lucid advisor meets the necessity for an up to date evaluate of the modern Commonwealth. It has a succinct part on its ancient historical past and offers cognizance to symbols and to the "People's Commonwealth" of voluntary firms, activities, and company. It highlights severe questions of stability that experience emerged among the relative roles of governments and reputable organizations, voluntary institutions, and personal enterprise.

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In the member countries where the Queen is Head of State (16 of them), the Crown is the metaphor for sovereignty, authority, in effect, executive government. By the 150-year-old conventions of responsible government, the Crown acts on the advice of ministers. Thus in Britain, the Queen herself, and in the countries retaining allegiance, the governors-general (her vice-regal representatives) are the symbols of the sovereignty of their respective nations. The summoning of prime ministers, the opening of parliament, the speech from the throne, the assent to bills – all are symbolic functions of constitutional monarchy.

3 On Southern African issues, then, British leaders refused to be pushed around by the Commonwealth. This, in turn, accentuated a rapid de-Britannicisation process, which, on less contentious issues, was an entirely positive trend. On Africa, however, the British found themselves in a no-win predicament. 31 32 A Guide to the Contemporary Commonwealth The crisis of the 1960s was about UDI, Rhodesia’s unilateral declaration of independence in 1965. This became the most dramatic breach in the process of orderly, negotiated transfers of power to democratically elected governments.

At first, the Rhodesian Security Forces held the initiative, but, after the Portuguese revolution of 1974 produced a government which gave independence to Mozambique in 1975, a huge flank was opened in the Rhodesian defences. By the late 1970s both sides were suffering and the Americans tried to organise a settlement to check the spread of the Cold War in Africa. To forestall these moves, Smith made his own ‘internal settlement’ in 1978. With a change of name to ZimbabweRhodesia, an African-majority parliament and an African prime minister, Bishop Abel Muzorewa, Smith hoped that international recognition would follow, even though the police and armed forces remained under white control.

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A Guide To the Contemporary Commonwealth by W. McIntyre

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